Peer-Reviewed Publications:

  1. Park SB, Davare M, Falla M, Kennedy WR, Selim MM, Wendelschafer-Crabb G,Koltzenburg M. Fast-adapting mechanoreceptors are important for force control in precision grip but not for sensorimotor memory. J Neurophysiol 2016 Jun 1;115(6):3156-61. doi: 10.1152/jn.00195.2016. Epub 2016 Apr 6. PMID: 27052582
  2. Hurliman E, Groth D, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, KavandS, Ericson M, Hordinsky M. Small fiber neuropathy in a patient with dermatomyositis and severe scalp pruritus. Br J Dermatol. 2016. Apr 18. doi: 10.1111/bjd.14678. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27088428
  3. Tervo RC, Symons FJ, Burkitt C, Damerow J, Suski E, McAdams B, Foster S, Panoutsopoulou I, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR. Peripheral innervation in children with developmental delay: A risk marker for self-injurious behavior? Int J Dev Neurosci. 2015 Dec;47(Pt A):82. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2015.04.224. PMID: 26531547.
  4. Provitera V, Gibbons CH, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Donadio V, Vitale DF, Stancanelli A, Caporaso G, Liguori R, Wang N, Santoro L, Kennedy WR, Nolano M. A multi-center, multinational age- and gender-adjusted normative dataset for immunofluorescent intraepidermal nerve fiber density at the distal leg. Eur J Neurol. 2015 Oct 23. doi: 10.1111/ene.12842. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26493160
  5. Mack MR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, McAdams BD, Hordinsky MK, Kennedy WR, Tolar J. Peripheral neuro-immune pathology in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Apr;135(4):1193-7. doi: 10.1038/jid.2014.500. Epub 2014 Nov 14. PMID: 25431850
  6. Elhabib B, Panoutsopoulou IG, Hordinsky M, Wendelschafer-Crabb, G, Kennedy WR, Witthuhn BA, Sekulic A, Squillace KA, Pittelkow MR, Wilcox GL.. A Comprehensive. Map of the Human Keratinocyte Proteome. In Preparation.
  7. Symons FJ, Gilles E, Tervo R, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Panoutsopoulou I, Kennedy W. Skin and self-injury: a possible link between peripheral innervation and immune function? Dev Med Child Neurol. 2015:57(7);677-680.
  8. Symons F, Tervo RC, Barney CC, Damerow J, Selim M, McAdams B, Fpster S. Wendelschafer-Crabb W, Kennedy W. Peripheral Innervation in Children with global developmental delay: Biomarker for risk for self-injurious behavior? J Child Neurol. 2015 Nov;30(13):1722-7. doi: 10.1177/0883073815579704. Epub 2015 Apr 26. PMID: 25918119
  9. Mack MR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, McAdams BD, Hordinsky MK, Kennedy WR, Tolar J. Peripheral neuro-immune pathology in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Apr;135(4):1193-7. doi: 10.1038/jid.2014.500. Epub 2014 Nov 14. No abstract available. PMID: 25431850.
  10. de Carvalho Barbosa M, Kosturakis AK, Eng K, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy­ WR, Simone D, Xin SW, Cleeland CS, Dougherty PM. Quantitative Sensory Analysis of Peripheral Neuropathy Produced by Colorectal Cancer and its Exacerbation by Cumulative Dose of Oxaliplatin Chemotherapy. Cancer Res. 2014;74:5955-62. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-14-2060. Epub 2014 Sep 2. PMID: 2518370.
  11. Panoutsopoulou I, Luciano C, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR. Epidermal innervation in healthy children and adolescents. Muscle Nerve. 2015 Mar;51(3):378-84. doi: 10.1002/mus.24329. PMID: 24985385
  12. Kosturakis A, He Z, Li Y, Boyette-Davis J, Shaw N, Thomas SK, Zhang H, Vichaya EG, Wang XS, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Simone DA, Cleeland CS, and Dougherty PM. Subclinical peripheral neuropathy in multiple myeloma patients prior to chemotherapy is correlated with decreased fingertip innervation density J Clin Oncology 2014 Oct.1;32(28):3156-62. PMID: 25154818.
  13. Loavenbruck A, Wendelschaefer-Crabbe G, Sandroni P, Kennedy WR. Quantification of Sweat Gland Volume and Innervation in Neuropathy; Correlation with Thermoregulatory Sweat Testing. Muscle Nerve. 2014 Oct; 50(4):528-34. PMID: 24449525.
  14. Kennedy WR, Selim M, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Blaes AH, Suter F, Nolano M, Provitera V. A device to quantify sweat in single sweat glands to diagnose neuropathy. J Medical Devices. 2013;7:030941-1-2.  
  15. Myllymaki M, Panoutsopoulou IG, Sarkka A. Analysis of spatial structure. of epidermal nerve entry points based on replicated data. J Microsc. 2012; 247:228-39. PMID: 22906010
  16. Boyette-Davis JA, Cata JP, Driver LC, Novy DM, Bruel BM, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Dougherty PN. Persistent chemoneuropathy in patients receiving the plant alkaloids Taxol and vincristine. Cancer Chemotherapy Pharmacology (CCP12-0432) Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2012 Dec 11. PMID: 23228992.
  17. Boyette-Davis JA1, Eng C2, Wang XS3, Cleeland CS3, Wendelschafer-Crabb G4, Kennedy WR4, Simone CS5, Zhang H6, and Dougherty PM6* Subclinical peripheral neuropathy is a common finding in colorectal cancer patients prior to chemotherapy. Clinical Cancer Research. Clin Cancer Res. 2012;18:3180-3187. PMID: 22496202
  18. Waller LA, Särkkä A, Olsbo V, Myllymäki M, Panoutsopoulou IG, Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G. Second-order spatial analysis of epidermal nerve fibers. Stat Med. 2011;30:2827-2841. PMID: 21823143
  19. Boyette-Davis JA, Cata JP, Zhang H, Driver LC,  Giralt S, Burton AW, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Dougherty, PM. Follow-up psychophysical studies in bortezomib-related chemoneuropathy patients. J Pain. 2011;12:1017-1024. PMID: 21703938. (with requested cover)
  20. Azan G, Low W, Wendelschafer-Crabb, Kennedy WR. Evidence for Neural Progenitor Cells in the Human Adult Enteric Nervous System. Nearing completion. Cell and Tissue Research. 2011; 344:217-225. PMID: 21369860.(with requested cover image)
  21. Kennedy WR, Selim MM, Brink TS, Hodges JS, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Foster SX, Nolano M, Provitera V, Simone DA. A new device to quantify tactile sensation in neuropathy. Neurology. 2011;76:1642-1649. PMID: 21555731.
  22. Lauria G, Hsieh ST, Johansson O, Kennedy WR, Leger JM, Mellgren SI, Nolano M, Merkies ISJ, Polydefkis M, Smith AG, Sommer C, Valls-Solé J. European Federation of Neurological Societies/Peripheral Nerve Society Guideline on the use of skin biopsy in the diagnosis of small fiber neuropathy. Report of a joint task force of the European Federations of Neurological Societies and the Peripheral Nerve Society. European Journal of Neurology. 2010;1-15. PMID:20642627.
  23. Selim MM, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Hodges JS, Simone DA, Foster S, Vanhove GF, Kennedy WR. Variation in quantitative sensory testing and epidermal nerve fiber density in repeated measurements. Pain. 2010;151:575-581. PMID: 20851518.
  24. Selim M, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Redmon JB, Khoruts A, Hodges JS, Koch K, Walk D, Kennedy WR. Gastric mucosal nerve density: a marker of autonomic neuropathy. Neurology 2010;75:973-981. PMID: 20837965. Also see “In Focus review with an image P943.
  25. Kennedy WR, Vanhove, GF, Tobias J, Bley KR, Walk  D, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Simone DA, Selim  M and NGX-4010 C115 Study Group. A Randomized Controlled Open-Label Study of the Long-term Effects of NGX-4010, a High-Concentration Capsaicin Patch, on Epidermal Nerve Fiber Density and Sensory Function in Healthy Volunteers. J Pain. 2010;11:579-87. PMID: 20400377. (with requested cover image)
  26. Provitera V, Nolano M, Caporaso G, Stancanelli A, Santoro L, Kennedy WR. Evaluation of sudomotor function in diabetes using the dynamic sweat test. Neurology. 2010;5:74:50-56. PMID: 20038772.
  27. Panoutsopoulou I, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR. Skin blister and skin biopsy to quantify epidermal nerves, a comparative study. Neurology. 2009; 72:1205-1210. PMID: 10992108.
  28. Symons FJ, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Heeth W, Bodfish JW. Degranulated mast cells in the skin of adults with self-injurious behavior and neurodevelopmental disorders. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 2009;23:365–370. PMID: 19084591.
  29. Kennedy WR. In Memorium: Joseph A. Resch MD, FAAN 1914-2009. Neurololgy 2009; 73:172.
  30. Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Jessurun J, Neppalli V, Saltzman D, Acton R, Kennedy WR. Mucosal nerve deficiency in idiopathic chronic constipation: A post migration defect? J Pediatr Surg 2009; 44:773-778. PMID: 19361639.
  31. Selim M, Wabner K, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy W. Stimulated growth of human and pig epidermal nerve fibers by tape stripping. Arch Dermatol Res 2007;299:513-516. PMID: 17363074.
  32. Vulchanova L, Casey M, Crabb GW, Kennedy W, Brown D. Anatomical evidence for enetric neuroimmune interactions in Peyer’s patches. J Neuroimmunology 2007;185:64-74. PMID: 17363074.
  33. Symons FJ, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Hardrict R, Dahl N, Bodfish JW Evidence of altered morphology of epidermal nerve fibers associated with self-injurious behavior and neurodevelopmental disorders. Pain. 2008;134(:232-237. PMID: 17850969
  34. Walk D, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Davey C, Kennedy WR. Concordance between epidermal nerve fiber density and sensory examination in patients with symptoms of idiopathic small fiber neuropathy. J Neurophysiol Sciences. 2007;255:23-26. Epub 2007 Mar 2. PMID: 17337273.
  35. Davis MDP, Weenig RH, Genebriera J, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Sandroni P. Histopathologic findings in primary erythromelalgia J Am Acad Dermatol 2006;55:519-522. PMID:16908366.
  36. Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Walk D. Morphological features nerves in skin biopsies. J Neurol Sci. 2006 242:15-31. PMID: 16448669.
  37. Gilcrist LS, Cain DM, Harding-Rose C, Kov AN, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Simone DS. Reorganization of P2X3 receptor localization on epidermal nerve fibers in a murine model of cancer pain. Br Res. 2005;1044:197-205. PMID: 15885218.
  38. Puls I, Oh SJ, Sumner C, Wallace KE, Floeter MK, Mann ES, Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb  G, Vortmeyer A, Powers R, Finnegan K, Holzbaur ELF, Fischbeck KH, Ludlow CL. Distal spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy caused by dynactin  mutation. Ann Neurol. 2005;57:687-694. PMID: 15852399.
  39. Selim M, Kelly K, Nelson JS, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Zelickson B. Confocal microscopy study of blood vessels and nerves in untreated and treated port wine stains: Dermatol Surg 2004;30:892-897. PMID: 15171768.
  40. Hilz MJ, Axelrod FB, Bickel A, Stemper B, Brys M, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR.  Assessing function and pathology in familial dysautonomia: Assessment of temperature perception, sweating and cutaneous innervation. Brain 2004;127:2090-2098. PMID: 15240436.
  41. Kennedy WR. Opportunities afforded by the study of unmyelinated nerves in skin and other organs. Muscle & Nerve. 2004:29:756-767. PMID:15170608.
  42. Nolano M, Provitera V, Crisci C, Stancanelli A, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Santoro L. Quantification of myelinated endings and mechanoreceptors in human digital skin. Ann Neurol 2003;54:197-205. PMID:12891672.
  43. Cuajungco MP, Axelrod FB, Biaggioni I, Goldstein D, Guttmacher AE, Gwinn-Hardy K, Hahn MK, Hilz MJ, Jacob G, Jens J, Kennedy WR, Liggett SB, O’Connor D, Peltzer SR, Robertson D, Rubin BY, Scudder Q, Smith LJ, Sonenshein GE, Svejstrup JQ, Xu Y, Slaugenhaupt SA. Hereditary Dysautonomias: Current Knowledge and collaborations for the future. Clin Auton Res. 2003;13:180-95. PMID: 12822040.
  44. Diem P, Laederach-Hofmann, Navarro X, Mueller B, Kennedy WR, Robertson, RP. Diagnosis of diabetic autonomic n: a multivariate approach. Eur J Clin Invest 2003; 33:693-697. PMID: 12864779.
  45. Cain DM, Wacnik PW, Turner M, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Wilcox GL, Simone DA.  Functional interactions between tumor and peripheral nerve: Changes in excitability and morphology of primary afferent fibers in a murine model of cancer pain. J Neurosci 2001; 21:9367-9376. PMID: 11717370.
  46. Sutherland DER, Gruessner RWG, Dunn DL, Matas AJ, Humar A, Kandaswamy R, Mauer SM, Kennedy WR, Goetz FC, Robertson RP, Gruessner AC, Najarian JS. Lessons learned from more than 1000 pancreas transplants at a single institution. Ann Surgery 2001; 233:463-501. PMID: 11303130.
  47. Nolano M, Provitera V, Crisci C, Saltalamacchia A, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Filla A, Santoro L, Caruso G. Small fibers involvement in Friedreich Ataxia. Ann Neurol. 2001;50:17-25. PMID: 11456305.
  48. Kennedy W.R. Kennedy disease, a historical note. J Clin Neuromusc Dis 2000;2:3-5. PMID: 19078594.
  49. Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Walk D. Use of skin biopsy and skin blister in neurological practice. J Clin Neuromusc Dis 2000;1:196-203. PMID: 19078588.
  50. Nolano M, Crisci C, Santoro L, Barbieri F, Casale R, Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Provitera V, Di Lorenzo N, Caruso G. Absent innervation of skin and sweat glands in congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis. Clin Neurophysiol 2000;111:1596-1601. PMID: 10964070.
  51. Khalili N, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Simone DA.Influence of thermode size for detecting heat pain dysfunction in a capsaicin model of epidermal nerve fiber loss. Pain 2001;91:241-250. PMID: 11275380. COVER
  52. Ceballos D, Navarro X, Dubey N, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, Tranquillo R. Magnetically aligned collagen gel filling a collagen nerve guide improves peripheral nerve regeneration. Exp Neurol 1999;158:290-300. PMID: 10415137.
  53. Nolano, M., Simone, D.A., Wendelschafer-Crabb, G. Kennedy, W.R. Topical capsaicin in humans: parallel loss of epidermal nerve fibers and pain sensation. Pain. 1999;81:135-145. PMID: 10353501.
  54. Kennedy WR, Nolano M, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Johnson TL, Tamura E.  A skin blister method to study epidermal nerves in peripheral nerve disease. Muscle Nerve 1999;22:360-371. PMID: 10086897.
  55. Kennedy, W.R., Alter, M. and Sung, J.H.: Progressive proximal spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy of late onset. A sex linked recessive trait. Neurology (Landmark article in Neurology”) 1998;50:583-594. PMID: 9521237.
  56. Simone DA, Nolano M, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR. Intradermal injection of capsaicin produces degeneration and subsequent reinnervation of epidermal nerve fibers: Correlation with sensory function.  J. Neurosci. 1998;18: 8947-8959. PMID: 9787000.
  57. Navarro X, Sutherland DER, Kennedy WR. Long-term effects of pancreatic transplantation on diabetic neuropathy. Ann Neurol 1997;42:727-736. PMID: 9392572.
  58. Navarro, X., Verdú, E., Wendelschfer-Crabb,G., Kennedy W.R. Immunohistochemical study of skin reinnervation by regenerative axons. J. Comp. Neurol. 380:164-174, 1997. PMID: 9100130.
  59. Kennedy, W.R., Wendelschafer-Crabb, G., Johnson, T. Quantitation of epidermal nerves in diabetic neuropathy. Neurology 1996;47:1042-1048. PMID: 8857742.
  60. Zelickson, B.D., Mehregan, D.A., Wendelschfer-Crabb,G., Ruppman, D., Cook, A., O'Connell, P., Kennedy, W.R. Clinical and histologic evaluation of psoriatic plaques treated with a flash-lamp pulsed dye laser. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 1996;35:64-48. PMID: 8682966.
  61. Grando, S.A., Zelickson, B.D., Kist, D.A., Weinshenker, D., Bigliardi, P.L., Wendelschafer-Crabb, G., Kennedy, W.R. Dahl, M.V. Keratinocyte Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors: immunolocalization and partial characterization. J. Invest. Derm. 1995;104(1):95-100. PMID: 7528248.
  62. Navarro, X., Verdu, E., Wendelschafer-Crabb,G., Kennedy, W.R. Innervation of cutaneous nerves in the mouse hind paw: A confocal microscopy immunohistochemical study.  J. Neurosci Res. 1995;41:111-120. PMID: 7545760.
  63. Kennedy, W.R., Navarro, X. and Sutherland, D.E.R.  Neuropathy profile of diabetic patients in a pancreas transplantation program.  Neurology 1995;45:773-780. PMID: 7723969.
  64. Kennedy, W.R., Wendelschafer-Crabb, G. and Brelje, T. Innervation and vasculature of human sweat glands: An immunohistochemistry-laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy study.  J. Neuroscience 1994;14(II Pt. 2):6825-6833. PMID: 7525893. COVER
  65. Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R., Aeppli, D., Sutherland, D.E.R. Neuropathy and mortality in diabetes: influence of pancreas transplantation. Muscle Nerve 19:1009-1016, 1996. PMID: 8756167.
  66. Navarro, X. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Influence of posture on cardiorespiratory reflexes." Clin Auton Res. 1993;2: 293-296. PMID: 1290923.
  67. Kennedy, W.R. and Wendelshafer-Crabb, G.: "The innervation of human epidermis." J. Neurol. Sci. 1993;115: 184-190. PMID: 8482979.
  68. Dhuna, A., Toro, C., Torres, F., Kennedy, W. R., Krivit, W.:  "Longitudinal neurophysiological studies in a patient with metachromatic leukodystrophy following bone marrow transplantation." AMA Arch Neurol. 1992;49:1088-1092. PMID: 1417517.
  69. Ferrer,  M.T., Navarro, X. Kennedy, W.R.: "Evaluacion funcional de las neuropatias autonomicas." Medicina Clinics (Barc) 1991;96:303-308. PMID: 2041404.
  70. Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R., Sutherland, D.E.R. "Autonomic Neuropathy and survival in diabetes mellitus: effects of  pancreas transplantation." Diabetologia 34 (Suppl 1) 1991;S108-112. PMID: 1936671.
  71. Navarro, X. Kennedy, W.R.: The effects of autologous nerve transplants on motor and sudomotor reinnervation by regenerative axons. Brain Res. 1991;565:181-187. PMID: 1842691.
  72. Navarro, X., Stewart, N.J., Furcht, L.T. and Kennedy, W.R.: The effects of autologous nerve transplants on motor and sudomotor reinnervation by regenerative axons. "Effects of laminin on nerve regeneration and reinnervation of target organs." NeuroReport 1991;2:37-40. PMID: 1768847.
  73. Kennedy, W.R., Navarro, X. and Ferrer, T.: "Cardiovascular responses to tilting in healthy and diabetic subjects." J. Neurol. Sci. 1991;104: 39-45. PMID: 1919598.
  74. Elieff, D., Sundby, S., Kennedy, W.R. and Hordinsky, M.: "Decreased sweat gland number and function in patients with alopecia areata." Br. J. Derm. 1991;125:130-135. PMID: 1911295.
  75. Kennedy, W.R., Navarro, X. and Stewart, N.J.: "Quantitation of the alternate movement rate in normal and diabetic subjects." Muscle Nerve 1991;14:1231-1235. PMID: 1766454.
  76. Ferrer, M.T., Kennedy, W.R. and Sahinen, F.: "Baroreflexes in diabetes mellitus."  Neurology. 1991;41:1462-1466. PMID: 1891099.
  77. Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R.: "Evaluation of thermal and pain sensitivity in Type I diabetic patients." J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 1991;54:101-107. PMID: 1849171.
  78. Navarro, X. Kennedy, W.R., Loewenson, R.B. and Sutherland, D.E.R.: "Influence of pancreas transplantation on cardiorespiratory reflexes and mortality in diabetes mellitus." Diabetes 1990;39: 802-806. PMID: 2354747.
  79. Kennedy, W.R., Navarro, X., Goetz, F.C., Sutherland, D.E.R, Najarian, J.S.: "The effects of pancreas transplantation on diabetic neuropathy."  NEJM 1990;322: 1031-1037. PMID: 2320063.
  80. Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R.: "The effect of a conditioning lesion on sudomotor axon regeneration." Brain Res. 1990;509: 232-236. PMID: 2322820.
  81. Krivit, W. , Shapiro, E., Kennedy, W.R., Lipton, M., Lockman, L., Smith, S., Lee, B, Summers, C.G.B, Wenger, D.A, Pamsay, N.K.C., Kersey, J.E., Yao, J.K., Kaye, E.: "Treatment of late infantile metachromatic leukodystrophy by bone marrow transplantation." NEJM 1990;322: 28-32. PMID: 1967188.
  82. Sutherland, D.E.R., Dunn, D.L., Goetz,F.C., Kennedy, W.R., Ramsey, R.C., Steffes, M.W. Mauer, S.M. Gruessner, R., Moudry-Munns, K.C., Morel, P., Viste, A., Robertson, R.P., and Najarian, J.S.: "A 10-Year experience with 290 pancreas transplants at a single institution." Ann. Surgery 1989;210: 274-288. PMID: 2673082.
  83. Kennedy, W.R. and Navarro, X.: "Sympathetic sudomotor function in diabetic neuropathy." Arch Neurol.  1989;46:1182-1186. PMID: 2818254.
  84. Navarro, X. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Sweat gland reinnervation by sudomotor axon regeneration after different types of nerve lesions and graft repairs." Exp. Neurol. 1989;104: 229-234. PMID: 2721626.
  85. Najarian, J.S., Kaufman, D.B., Fryd, D.S., McHugh, L., Mauer, S.M., Ramsay, R.C., Kennedy, W.R., Navarro, X., Goetz, F.C. and Sutherland, D.E.R.: "Long-term survival following kidney transplantation in 100 Type I diabetic patients."  Transplantation  1989;47:106-113. PMID: 2643218.
  86. Kennedy, W.R., Navarro, X., Sakuta, M., Mandell, H., Knox, C.K. and Sutherland, D.E.R.:  “Physiological and clinical correlates of cardiorespiratory reflexes in diabetes melitus." Diabetes Care 1989;12: 399-408. PMID: 2731459.
  87. Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R. and Fries, T.J.: "Small nerve fiber dysfunction in diabetes mellitus." Muscle Nerve. 1989;12:498-507. PMID: 2725578.
  88. Navarro, X. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Fisiopatologia cardiovascular en la neuropatia autonomica." Cardiovasc. Rev. Rep. 1988;9:15-25.
  89. Navarro, X. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Effect of age on collateral reinnervation of sweat glands in the mouse." Brain Res. 1988;463:174-181. PMID: 3196907.
  90. Van der Vliet, J.A., Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R., Goetz, F.C., Barbosa, J.J., Sutherland, D.E.R. and Najarian, J.S.: "Long-term follow-up of polyneuropathy in diabetic kidney transplant recipients." Diabetes 1988;37:1247-1252. PMID: 3044890.
  91. Sutherland, D.E.R., Kendall, D.M., Moudry, K.C., Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R., Ramsay, R.C., Steffes, M.W., Mauer, S.M., Goetz, F.C., Dunn, D.L. and Najarian, J.S.: "Pancreas transplantation in nonuremic, Type I diabetic recipients." Surgery 1988;104:453-464. PMID: 3041644.
  92. Kennedy, W.R., Navarro, X. and Kamei, H.: "Reinnervation of sweat glands in the mouse:  axonal regeneration versus collateral sprouting." Muscle Nerve 1988;11:603-609. PMID: 3386669.
  93. Navarro, X., Kamei, H. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Effect of age and maturation on sudomotor nerve regeneration in mice." Brain Res.1988; 447:133-140. PMID: 3382947.
  94. Van der Vliet, J.A., Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R., Goetz, F.C., Sutherland, D.E.R., Najarian, J.S.: "Effect of pancreas transplantation on diabetic polyneuropathy." Transplantation 1988;45:368-370. PMID: 3125634.
  95. Van der Vliet, J.A., Navarro, X., Kennedy, W.R., Goetz, F.C., Sutherland, D.E.R. and Najarian, J.S.: "Diabetic polyneuropathy and renal transplantation.” Transplant. Proc. 1987;19:3597-3599. PMID: 3313867.
  96. Kennedy, W.R., Fries, T.J., Sutherland, D., Goetz, F.C. and Loewenson, R.: "Thermal sensitivity in patients with diabetes mellitus." Transplant. Proc. 1986;18:1775-1777.
  97. Quick, D., Kennedy, W.R. and Yoon, K.: "Ultrastructure of the secretory epithelium, nerve fibers and capillaries in the mouse sweat gland." Anat Rec. 1984;208:491-499. PMID: 6731858.
  98. Kennedy, W.R., Sakuta, M., Sutherland, D. and Goetz, F.: "The sweating deficiency in diabetes mellitus:  Methods of quantitation and clinical correlation." Neurology 1984;34:758-763. PMID: 6539438.
  99. Kennedy, W.R., Sakuta, M., Sutherland, D. and Goetz, F.: "Quantitation of the sweating deficiency in diabetes mellitus." Ann Neurol. 1984;15:482-488. PMID: 6732196.
  100. Kennedy, W.R. and Sakuta, M.: "Collateral reinnervation of sweat glands." Ann Neurol. 1984;15:73-78. PMID: 6712197.
  101. Kennedy, W.R., Sakuta, M. and Quick, D.C.: "Rodent eccrine sweat glands: A case of multiple efferent innervation." Neurosci. 1984;2:741-749. PMID: 6717807.
  102. Barkhaus, P.E., Kennedy, W.R., Stern, L.Z. and Harrington, R.B.: "Hereditary proximal spinal and bulbar motor neuron disease of late onset: A report of six cases." Arch Neurol 1982;39:112-116. PMID: 7059292.
  103. Kennedy, W.R., Quick, D.C., Miyoshi, T. and Gerritsen, G.C.: "Peripheral neurology of the diabetic Chinese hamster." Diabetolologia. 1982;23:445-451. PMID: 7173592.
  104. Quick, D.C., Kennedy, W.R. and Poppele, R.E.: "Anatomical evidence for multiple sources of action potentials in the afferent fibers of muscle spindles." Neurosci.1980: 5:109-115. PMID: 6154269.
  105. Poppele, R.E., Kennedy, W.R. and Quick, D.C.: "A determination of static mechanical properties of intrafusal muscle in isolated cat muscle spindles." Neurosci. 1979;4:401-411. PMID: 155224.
  106. Kennedy, W.R. and Yoon, K.S.: "Permeability of muscle spindle capillaries and capsule." Muscle Nerve 1979;2:101-108. PMID: 161798.
  107. Quick, D.C., Kennedy, W.R. and Donaldson, L.: "Dimensions of myelinated nerve fibers near the motor and sensory terminals in cat tenuissimus muscles." Neurosci. 1979;4:1089-1096. PMID: 492526.
  108. Miyoshi, T. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Microvasculature of rabbit muscle spindles." Arch Neurol. 1979; 36:471-475. PMID: 159681.
  109. Miyoshi, T., Kennedy, W.R. and Yoon, K.: "Morphometric comparison of capillaries in muscle spindles, nerve, and muscle." Arch Neurol. 1979;36:547-552. PMID: 157730.
  110. Kennedy, W.R., Yoon, Y.S.” Muscle spindle capillaries and capsule: a horseradish peroxidase study.” Transactions of  ANA. 1978;103:174-6.
  111. Kennedy, W.R., Sung, J.H. and Berry, J.F.: "A case of congenital hypomyelination neuropathy: clinical, morphological and chemical studies." Arch Neurol. 1977:34:337-345. PMID: 871259.
  112. Najarian, J.S., Sutherland, D.E.R., Simmons, R.L., Howard, R.J., Kjellstrand, C.M., Mauer, S.M., Kennedy, W.R., Ramsay, R., Barbosa, J. and Goetz, F.C.: "Kidney transplantation for the uremic diabetic patient." Surg. Gynecol. Obstet. 1977;144:682-690. PMID: 191945.
  113. Kennedy, W.R., Webster, H.F. and Yoon, K.S.: "Human muscles spindles: fine structure of the primary sensory ending." J. Neurocytol. 1975;4:675-695. PMID: 127831.
  114. Kennedy, W.R., Webster, H.F. and Yoon, K.S.: "Human muscles spindles:  microfilaments in the group IA sensory nerve endings." Anat. Rec. 1974;180:521-532. PMID: 4278828.
  115. Barbosa, J., Burke, B., Buselmeier, T., Carpenter, A., Goetz, F., Harris, J., Kennedy, W., Kjellstrand, C., Michaels, A., Najarian, J. and Recker, L.: "Neuropathy, retinopathy and biopsy findings in transplanted kidney in diabetic patients." Kidney Int. 16 (suppl) 1974;1:32-36. PMID: 4619135.
  116. Kennedy, W.R.: "The innervation of muscle spindles in a case of hypertrophic polyneuropathy." Neurology.1974;24:788-794. PMID: 4367277.
  117. Poppele, R.E. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Comparison between behavior of human and cat muscle spindles recorded in vitro." Brain Res. 1974;75:316-319. PMID: 4276333.
  118. Kennedy, W.R., Poppele R.E. and Staley, N.A.: "Isolation of viable human muscle spindles for electron microscope and physiologic study." Anat. Rec. 1974;179:453-462. PMID: 4276391.
  119. Van Gorp, P.E. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Localization of muscle spindles in the human extensor indicis muscle for biopsy purposes." Anat. Rec. 1974;179:447-452. PMID: 4135485.
  120. Barbosa, J., Nuttall, F.W., Kennedy, W.R. and Goetz, F.: "Plasma insulin in patients with myotonic dystrophy and their relatives." Medicine 1974;53:307-323. PMID: 4834853.
  121. Sahinen, F.M. and Kennedy, W.R.: "The distribution of muscle spindles in the human first dorsal interosseus." Anat Rec. 1972;173:151-156. PMID: 4260743.
  122. Kennedy, W.R., Sung, J.H. and Berry, J.F.: "Hypertrophic neuropathy of infancy with hypomyelination." Trans. Am Neurol Assn. 1971;96:75-79. PMID: 4334001.
  123. Kennedy, W.R.: "Innervation of muscle spindles in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis." Mayo Clinic Proc. 1971;46:245-257. PMID: 4102344.
  124. Kennedy, W.R.: "What are muscle spindles?" Medical Times 1970;98:159-170. PMID: 4245955.
  125. Kennedy, W.R.: "Innervation of normal human muscle spindles." Neurology. 1970;20:463-475. PMID: 4245373.
  126. Infante, E. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Anomalous branch of the peroneal nerve detected by electromyography." Arch Neurol.1970; 22:162-165. PMID: 5409772.
  127. Kennedy, W.R.: "Innervation of human muscle spindles in patients with polyneuropathy." Trans. Am Neurol Assoc. 1969;94:59-63. PMID:4244777.
  128. Johnson, R.V. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Progressive facial hemiatrophy (Parry-Romberg syndrome): contralateral extraocular muscle impairment." Am  J. Ophthal. 1969;67:561-564. PMID: 5778615.
  129. Logothetis, J., Kennedy, W.R., Ellington, A. and Williams, R.C.: "Cryoglobulinemia neuropathy: incidence and clinical characteristics." Arch Neurol.1968; 19:389-397. PMID: 4300295,
  130. Kennedy, W.R.: "Myasthenia gravis: emergency treatment." Minnesota Medicine 1968;51:1291-1293. PMID: 5679230.
  131. Kennedy, W.R. and Jimenez-Pabon, E.: "Myasthenic syndrome associated with small cell carcinoma (Eaton-Lambert syndrome)." Neurology 18:757-766, 1968. PMID: 5692335.
  132. Alter, M. and Kennedy, W.R.: "Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome: a case report." Minnesota Medicine 1968;51:901-906.
  133. Kennedy, W.R., Alter, M. and Sung, J.H.: "Progressive proximal spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy of late onset." Neurology 1968;18:671-680. PMID: 4233749.
  134. Swaiman, K., Kennedy, W.R. and Sauls, H.S.: "Late infantile acid maltase deficiency." Archives of Neurology 1968;18:642-648. PMID: 5240358.
  135. Kennedy, W.R.: "Lesions of the lumbosacral and brachial plexus." In: Current Therapy. H. Conn, editor.  pp. 658-660, 1968.
  136. Lockman, L.A., Kennedy, W.R. and White, J.G.: "The Chediak-Higashi syndrome:  electrophysiological and electron microscopic observations on the peripheral neuropathy." J. Pediatrics 1967;70:942-951. PMID: 4290695
  137. Kennedy, W.R.: "Clinical usefulness of electromyography." Postgraduate Medicine 1967;41:161-170. PMID: 6037164.
  138. Kennedy, W.R. and Resch, J.A.: "Paralytic brachial neuritis." J. Lancet (Mpls) 1966:86:459-462. PMID: 5975770.
  139. Kennedy, W.R.: "Muscle disease of older patients." Geriatrics 20:964-968, 1965. PMID: 5844443.
  140. Kennedy, W.R.: "Clinical applications of electromyography." Medical Bulletin, University of Minnesota 1965;36:262-265.
  141. Kennedy, W.R.: "Biography of Frederich William Madison." Marquette Medical Review 1957;23:50-51.
  142. Kennedy, W.R. and Salamone, C.R.: "Recent trends in the use of adrenal cortical steroids." Marquette Medical Review 1957;22:180-185.
  143. Kennedy, W.R.: "Studies of the effect of phenylhydrazine on rat liver enzymes." Thesis for M.S. in Biochemistry (University of Wisconsin), 1952.


Articles Submitted for Publications:

  1. Mariana de Carvalho Barbosa6, Alyssa K. Kosturakis1, Kathy Eng2, Gwen Wendelschafer-Crabb3, William R. Kennedy3, Donald A. Simone4,Xin Shelley Wang5,  Charles S. Cleeland5 and Patrick    M. Dougherty1. Quantitative Sensory Analysis of Peripheral Neuropathy Produced by Colorectal    Cancer and its Exacerbation by Cumulative Dose of Oxaliplatin Chemotherapy. Submitted May  2014.
  2. Walk W, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Hodges JS, Kennedy WR. Fixed-stimulus suprathreshold heat-pain ratings correlate with computer-aided QST in patients with possible small fiber neuropathy. Submitted to Pain, May 2013.


Chapters in Books:

  1. Kennedy WR. Recognition of proximal spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy. In:Spinal Muscular Atrophy: on the Eve of the Cure. Hausmanowa-petrusewicz I, Jedrzejowska M (Eds). Polska Akademia Nauk, Lublin: Poland 2009;201; pp17-32.
  2. Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Polydefkis M, McArthur J. Pathology and Quantitation of cutaneous nerves. In: Dyck PJ, Thomas PK. eds. Peripheral Neuropathy 4th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2005:869-896.
  3. Kennedy WR. Unmyelinated nerves, challenges and opportunities: skin biopsy and beyond. Adv Clin Neurophysiol. Suppl to Clin Neurophysiol eds: Hallett, M, Phillips LH. Schomer DL Jr, Massey JM. 2004; 57:8-14.
  4. Navarro X, Kennedy WR. Diabetic neuropathy and pancreas transplantation. In: Transplantation of the Pancreas. Eds Sutherland DER; Gruessner RWG.  Springer-Verlag, NY 2004 pp. 483-496.
  5. Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G. Epidermal nerve fibers. Encyclopedia of the Neurosciences. eds: Aminoff MJ & Daroff RB. Vol.2.pp 163-168 Academic Press, San Diego, 2003.
  6. Kennedy, W.R. and Wendelschafer-Crabb, G. Innervation of non-glabrous skin. In:  Clinical Autonomic Disorders: evaluation and management, 3rd edition. ed: P. A. Low.  Little, Brown & Co., Boston 2000.
  7. Kennedy WR, Crabb G. Low chapter. Unmyelinated Nerves in Diabetic Neuropathy Assessed by Skin Biopsy and Skin Blister Methods. In: Diabetic Neuropathy. Gries FA, Dyck PJ, Low PA, Tomlinson DR, Ziegler D. (Eds). Stuttgart: Thieme, 2002; pp194-198.
  8. Simone DA, Khalili N, Brederson J-D, Feder C, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR. Sensory Functions of epidermal nerve fibers in humans. In: Procedings 9th World Congress on Pain Progress in Pain Research and Management Eds: Devor M, Rowbotham MC, Wiesenfeld-Hallin Z. 1999; 16:207-213.
  9. Kennedy WR, Wendelschafer-Crabb G. Utility of the skin biopsy method in studies of diabetic neuropathy. In: Clinical Neurophysiology: From Receptors to Perception. Eds: G Comi, CH Lucking, J Kimura, PM Rossini. EEG and Clinical Neurophysiology. Suppl 50. Elsevior Co. Amsterdam 1999; 553-559.
  10. Kennedy, W.R. and Wendelschafer-Crabb, G. Innervation of non-glabrous skin. In:  Clinical Autonomic Disorders: evaluation and management, 2nd edition, ed: P. A. Low.  Little, Brown & Co., Boston. pp 109-115, 1997.
  11. Low, P. and Kennedy, W.R. Cutaneous effectors as indicators of abnormal autonomic function. In: The Autonomic Nervous System" eds. I.L.Gibbins and J.L. Morris. Series ed. G. Burnstock. 1997.
  12. Navarro, X., Verdú, E., Wendelschfer-Crabb,G., Kennedy W.R. Immunohistochemical study of skin reinnervation by regenerative axons. J. Comp. Neurol. 380:164-174, 1997.
  13. Kennedy,W.R. and Wendelschafer-Crabb, G. Utility of skin biopsy in diabetic neuropathy. In Seminars in Neurology; Diabetic neuropathy. eds: D. Goldblatt, D. Younger. G. Thieme Inc. NY, NY. 16:163-171, (June) 1996).
  14. Kennedy, W.R. and Navarro, X.: "Evaluation of sudomotor function by sweat imprint methods." In:  Clinical Autonomic Disorders: evaluation and management. Philip A. Low, editor.  Little, Brown & Co., Boston 1993.
  15. Krivit, W., Shapiro, E., Lockman, L., Kennedy, W., Dhuna, A., Ringden, O., Henslee-Downey, J., Yeager, A., Bayever, E., and Wenger, D.:  "Recommendations for treatment of metachromatic leukodystrophy by bone marrow transplantation based on a review of seven patients who have been engrafted for at least on year.” In: Correction of Certain Genetic Diseases by Transplantation 1991. J.R. Hobbs, editor.  The COGENT Trust, London 1992.
  16. Shapiro, E., Lockman, L., Kennedy, W.R., Zimmerman, D., Klodny, E., Raghavan, S., Wiederschain, G., Wenger, D.A., Sung, J.H., Summers, C.G., Krivit, W. "Bone marrow transplantation as treatment for globoid cell leukodystrophy." In:  Treatment of Genetic Disease. R. Resnick, editor. Churchill-Livingston, N.Y. 223-238, 1991.
  17. Navarro X. and Kennedy WR: "The effects of aging on regeneration and sprouting of unmyelinated axons." In: "Peripheral nerve changes in the elderly" P.K. Thomas, editor, New Issues in Neurosciences, Vol. 1. Nos 1&2, J. Wiley & Sons 125-134, 1988.
  18. Sutherland D, Goetz F C, Hesse U J, Kennedy W R, Ramsay R C, Mauer S M, Steffes M W, Kendall D M. and Najarian JS: "Effect of multiple variables on outcome in pancreas transplant recipients at the University of Minnesota and preliminary observations on the course of pre-existing secondary complications of diabetes.” In: Diabetic Retinal Syndrome Vol. 3; Therapy.  Freidman, E.A., F.A., editors. Grune Stratton N.Y., pp.481-499, 1986.
  19.  Sutherland, D., Goetz, F.C., Hesse, U.J., Kennedy, W.R., Ramsay, R.C., Mauer, S.M., Steffes, M.W., Kendall, D.M. and Najarian, J.S.: "Effect of multiple variables on outcome in pancreas transplant recipients at the University of Minnesota and preliminary observations on the course of pre-existing secondary complications of diabetes." In:  Diabetic Renal Retinal Syndrome Vol. 3; Therapy. Friedman, E.A., L'Esperance, F.A., editors.  Grune Stratton, New York. pp. 481-499,1986.
  20. Sakuta M, Kennedy WR and Knox CK: "Respiratory and cardiovascular reflex in diabetics." In:  Diabetic Neuropathy. Goto, Y., Horinchi, Kugure, K., editors.  Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, pp. 243-246, 1982.
  21. Kennedy W R, Poppele R E. and Quick DC.: "Mammalian muscle spindles."  In:  Physiology of Peripheral Nerve Disease.  Austin J. Sumner, ed. W.B.Saunders, Philadelphia, 1980.

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